The exploitation of human beings by other human beings is certainly nothing new. But our society has increasingly come to view it as unacceptable and to recognize it is more widespread than many believe. In the U.S. the overwhelming majority of trafficking is related to the sex trade. There are those who believe that the actions of consensual adults should not be regulated at all. However, judging the degree to which such conduct is actually consensual versus being coerced is not always clear. Adopting policies that protect innocent victims of trafficking must be a priority of civilized society.